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The plenary session of the 2nd World Ecological Safety Assembly
9-12 December, 2012                            
Bali, Indonesia
World Ecological Civilization Declaration and Ecological Safety Action Plan *Secretariat Note:
The plenary session of the 2nd World Ecological Safety Assembly has voted through this Declaration and Action Plan.

A

World Ecological Civilization Declaration

The Assembly,
Recalling  the Charter of the United Nations and its purposes and principles,
Recalling  the World Charter for Nature adopted by the UN General Assembly which states: "Every form of life is unique, warranting respect regardless of its worth to human beings, and, to accord other organisms such recognition, human beings must be guided by a moral code of action",
Recalling also the Declaration on the Human Environment and other relevant international instruments adopted within the UN framework,
Recognizing and reiterating  that ecological civilization is an important part of human civilization and its fundamental purpose is to respect and protect the earth's ecological environment. It emphasizes human beings' self-consciousness and self-discipline and requires harmonious co-existence of human beings and nature. It is a new form of civilization following the primitive civilization, agricultural civilization and industrial civilization in the history of human society. It is the product of all material and spiritual achievements in constructing a harmonious and orderly ecological mechanism, and in building a healthy living environment,
Recognizing also  that in the context of globalization, ecological safety and sustainable development have already gone beyond national borders and have become a shared problem of the world,
Expressing  concern over the frequent and widespread ecological crises and extreme weather disasters around the world,
Recognizing  that human beings are a part of nature, rather than standing above or beyond nature. Human beings and nature are interrelated and interdependent with each other. Understanding nature, utilizing nature, and protecting nature are the cornerstone to realize harmonious existence between human beings and nature. Human beings can only achieve comprehensive and sustainable development by utilizing and developing nature with responsibility,
Recalling  the Agenda 21, the Rio Declaration, the outcome document of the Rio+20 Summit, and the Nairobi Declaration,
Recalling also  the Phnom Penh Declaration of the 6th International Conference of Asian Political Parties (ICAPP) and theAngkorProtocol of the First World Ecological Safety Assembly passed during the 6th International Conference of Asian Political Parties and the First World Ecological Safety Assembly in 2010. It is suggested that all political parties incorporate climate change, ecological safety and sustainable development into their party platforms and programmes, all parliaments set up legislation for ecological safety and take vigorous measures against ecological crimes to ensure safety for human life and survival, and all governments incorporate climate change, ecological safety and sustainable development into their long-term national development strategies,
We appreciate  the concept of ecological civilization proposed at the 17th National Congress of the Communist Party of China in 2007, and the incorporation of ecological civilization into the CPC Party Platform at the 18th National Congress in 2012. The 18th National Congress puts forward new ideas for ecological safety construction, i.e. "to promote green, cyclic, and low-carbon development and to form a resource-conserving and environment-friendly spatial pattern, industrial structure, production mode and lifestyle so as to reverse the trend of ecological environment deterioration from the beginning, to create a better production and living environment for people and to contribute to the world ecological safety," and "to step up the implementation of the strategy of Development Priority Zones, and to construct a scientifically sound structure for urbanization, agricultural development and ecological safety", which provides a new survival mode for the peaceful development of human beings,
We also appreciate  the new concept of ecological safety and sustainable development proposed by the International Ecological Safety Collaborative Organization (IESCO), and its efforts to maintain ecological safety, tackle climate change, resolve ecological crises, prevent and mitigate disasters as well as restore ecology through cooperation with political parties, parliaments, governments, scientific research institutions and national think tanks towards the aim of achieving the UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), sustainable development, and a more balanced development of economy, environment and society,
We support  that all political parties, parliaments and governments play an important role in promoting ecological civilization and maintaining ecological safety. The World Ecological Civilization Declaration and Ecological Safety Action Plan will guide and play an active role in promoting ecological civilization and realizing sustainable development,
We recognize  the important role that the International Conference of Asian Political Parties (ICAPP) and the Permanent Conference of Political Parties of Latin America and the Caribbean (COPPPAL) have played in tackling climate change and promoting ecological civilization and ecological safety.

Article 1

Ecological civilization is a new form of highly information-oriented social civilization based on physical, ecological and psychological balance in a certain geographic area. It contains the following elements:
1. All human beings have the right to enjoy free, equal and comfortable life and live with dignity in a high-quality environment. Human beings have the responsibility to protect the environment for now and the future and improve environmental quality (including natural resources, such as air, water and land, and some representative natural ecosystems);
2. Economic construction should not exert negative impacts on current and future development;
3. We should create a brand new concept of civilization, mode of thinking, way of behaving, and system of value to protect natural resources, respect the law of nature, combine human beings’ physical and psychological needs with sound ecological environment, and arrange human activities based on a balanced ecosystem;
4. We should recognize the non-economic values of ecological safety. The key of ecological civilization, as a new civilization, is that both economic and non-economic values of ecological safety, especially its aesthetic and security values should be identified;
5. Ecological civilization is a new feature of future civilization. It is the inevitable trend of the evolution of human civilization and the product of adjusting the relationship between human beings and nature, which includes awareness, laws, system and policies of human beings to protect the natural environment as well as science and technologies, organizations and actions to maintain ecological balance and sustainable development;
6. We should realize equal sharing during the course of ecological civilization;
7. We should respect the freedom of speech, opinion, and information of each individual;
8. We should comply with the principles of freedom, justice, democracy, tolerance, solidarity, cooperation, diversification, cultural diversity, dialogue and understanding, in short, promote the culture of peace to create a favorable environment for international cooperation.

Article 2

All countries should pursue scientific development through coordination, dialogue and rational use of resources to maintain the balance between ecological safety and national interests. A rational plan should aim to reconcile all conflicts between development and ecology to achieve better social and economic benefits without causing ecological damage, and should be incorporated into human habitat and urban development.

Article 3

The realization of ecological civilization and scientific development is closely connected with the following factors:
1. Carrying out international obligations according to the Charter of the United Nations and international laws;
2. Promoting peaceful settlement of ecological crises and conflicts of interest, and adhering to the spirit of mutual respect, mutual understanding and international cooperation;
3. Respecting equal discourse right of all stakeholders, strengthening the democratic system, ensuring full implementation and development of ecological civilization, respecting the right and interests of all countries in constructing ecological civilization, and creating justice among human beings through realizing equality between human beings and nature;
4. Ensuring that ecological civilization’s dominant status is paralleled with material, spiritual and political civilization;
5. Legislating the coordination between human beings and nature to establish a mechanism to spontaneously adjust the relationship between human beings and nature during the construction of ecological civilization;
6. Putting ecological civilization into practice, establishing the concept of ecological civilization and scientific development to achieve mutual advancement;
7. Forming production and consumption models that center on respecting and protecting nature, properly understanding the relationship between individuals and society and combining the interests of both, and building an ecologically civilized society on the basis of coordinated development of human beings and nature;
8. Improving the performance appraisal system of government, making the administration more transparent, and strengthening the responsibility of institutions;
9. Publicizing ecological civilization to involve people from all walks of life to consciously put the concept of ecological safety and sustainable development into practice;
10. Realizing safe and industrialized ecology based on industrial technologies by promoting ecological safety technology innovations;
11. Establishing a new supervision and management system of ecological safety;
12. Enhancing understanding, tolerance and solidarity of all civilizations, nationalities and cultures including the minorities in terms of ethnicity, religion and language. 

Article 4

All countries should push forward the legislation of ecological civilization and ecological safety. The national mainstream values and standards should be given priority in enacting related laws and regulations.

Article 5

All countries should follow the law of nature in determining the guiding ideology for ecological safety legislation. Laws and regulations on ecological safety, environment protection and resource allocation should be enacted based on the law of nature. The implementation of laws and regulations should meet the environmental requirements of justice and equality and recognize all values of ecological safety, especially its non-economic values.

Article 6

All countries should promote and realize ecological civilization with a development view and in a sustainable manner, strengthen both efficiency and quality of development, and realize the values of ecological civilization in the development of human society on the basis of pursuing the harmonious co-existence of human beings and nature.

Article 7

Education of the public in ecological civilization is crucial to enlightening people, enterprises and communities to protect and improve the construction of ecological civilization. All countries should utilize the unique advantage of mass media to disseminate the concept of ecological civilization to more people so that theories of ecological civilization can be applied in practice in an all-around way.

Article 8

As an important part of social and economic development, science and technology should be included in identifying, assessing and monitoring ecological risks. We should also provide guidance in solving ecological crises to pursue the common good for both human beings and nature.

Article 9

United Nation Alliance of Civilizations and IESCO will work together to promote global ecological civilization.

B
Ecological Safety Action Plan

The Assembly,
Bearing in mind the World Ecological Civilization Declaration and Ecological Safety Action Plan passed on December 12, 2012,
Recalling the Phnom Penh Declaration of the 6th International Conference of Asian Political Parties (ICAPP) and the (Angkor) Protocol of the First World Ecological Safety Assembly passed on December 3, 2010 in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, and encouraging political parties, parliaments and governments to contribute to the promoting of ecological civilization, the tackling of climate change, the maintaining of ecological safety, the protecting of natural environment, and the realizing of the UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), and passing the Ecological Safety Action Plan as follows:
I.    Purposes
Political parties, parliaments, governments, international organizations and all sectors of society are encouraged to make coordinated efforts to combat climate change and to maintain ecological safety, and to show respect for diversified development models and to promote the harmonious development of human beings and nature. The World Ecological Civilization Declaration and Ecological Safety Action Plan should serve as the guiding document for the tackling of climate change, the maintaining of ecological safety, the protecting of natural environment, the diffusing of ecological crises, and the achieving of sustainable development in economy, society and ecology.
1. Encouraging that political parties, especially the ruling parties, incorporate climate change, ecological safety and sustainable development into their party platforms, programs and statutes.
2. Encouraging that governments incorporate climate change, ecological safety and sustainable development into their long-term national development strategies and national education systems.
3. Encouraging that parliaments step up legislation for ecological safety and take vigorous measures against ecological crimes and food crimes to ensure safety for human life and survival. 
4. Governments should fully execute their authority in eco-technological cooperation and strengthen assessment of the ecological safety management system and international eco-technological exchanges and cooperation.
5. Encouraging and strengthening cooperation among partners specified in the World Ecological Civilization Declaration and Ecological Safety Action Plan to further promote the building of the world ecological civilization.
6. Governments should take practical and effective measures to mobilize various resources, especially financial resources, to support ecological constructions and promote "green economy" policy in a steadfast manner. 
II. Actions
Establishing Education Systems of Ecological Safety
(1) Governments should make and implement education and training plans of ecological safety through utilizing resources and strengths specified in the World Ecological Civilization Declaration and Ecological Safety Action Plan to promote education and training;
(2) Ensuring that children receive education on values, behavior models and life styles related to ecological safety from an early age, and ensuring that women, especially young girls, have equal access to ecological education and training;
(3) Strengthening the joint efforts from actors specified in the World Ecological Civilization Declaration and Ecological Safety Action Plan to promote the fostering of ecological safety values and the education and training of skills for the youth;
(4) Strengthening the research and early warning of major natural disasters such as hurricanes, tsunamis, floods, snowstorms, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, drought, landslides, mudslides and land subsidence, and carrying out disaster prevention and mitigation measures, emergency responses and post-disaster reconstructions;
(5) Supporting IESCO to found an International Ecological Safety College in Beijing, providing developing countries and least developed countries with strategic consultation and technological support in the areas of ecological safety and sustainable development, training government officials and technicians in climate change, ecological safety and sustainable development and conducting research projects in developing and the least developed countries.
Ecological Safety and the Construction of Public Infrastructure
(1) Global warming has become an indisputable fact. Developed countries have formulated long-term development strategies for disaster prevention and mitigation and public infrastructure, and have made considerable preparations for climate changes that are getting increasingly extreme and uncertain. However, in developing and less developed countries, agricultural, forestry, water and electricity facilities and civil disaster prevention and mitigation infrastructures are not scientifically planned. Hence, it is necessary to enhance the construction of ecological safety infrastructures in developing and less developed countries;
(2) Reducing economic and social inequality by implementing policies and schemes through international cooperation and taking effective actions to mobilize and allocate resources to the greatest extent possible, including debt relief;
(3) Enhancing the capabilities of urban public infrastructures to safeguard ecological safety, including ecological assessment, ecological restoration and ecological reconstruction;
(4) Promoting employment, healthcare and education, enhancing people’s ability to respond to sudden events and to tackle and mitigate disasters, and improving the level of social security.
Stepping Up Legislation and Practice of Ecological Safety
(1) The World Ecological Civilization Declaration and Ecological Safety Action Plan specifies that countries must adhere to the principle of prioritizing ecological safety in the course of economic development by acknowledging it as a basic legal guideline for the adjustment of social relations;  
(2) The legislation of ecological safety should have the constitution at its core and incorporate ecological safety, environmental protection, resource security, species security and water resource security as its main components to form a relatively comprehensive legal system of ecological safety supplemented by international treaties, conventions and agreements on environment protection and resource conservation;
(3) The legislation of ecological safety should formulate basic legal principles for management structures, ecological compensation, risk assessment, ecological administration and restoration, clean production and green economy;
(4) The exploitation and utilization of cross-border ecosystems (including forest ecosystem, wetland ecosystem, marine ecosystem and international river basins) should strictly abide by the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD), the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity, the International Important Wetland Convention and the International River Water Resource Utilization Helsinki Rules to ensure rational utilization and scientific exploitation.
Gender Equality and Youth Participation
(1) Ensuring that men and women have equal access to information on climate change and ecological safety and safeguarding their rights to respond to climate change, ecological safety and sustainable development;
(2) Eliminating all forms of discrimination and intolerance on the basis of race, color, gender, language, religion, political or other opinions, nationality, ethnicity, social status, wealth and disability in order to maintain ecological safety;
(3) Political parties, parliaments and governments should enhance youth leadership and execution in various areas and improve the quantity and quality of ecological safety and sustainable activities that involve youth in a comprehensive, practical and constructive manner.
Application and Utilization of Technologies of Ecological Safety
(1) With their actual situations in mind, countries need to, first of all, establish a development view that is scientific and ecologically safe and avoid the old development model of "pollute first, pay later" on the way towards a green economy; secondly, countries should utilize their own resource advantages to build a mechanism of market competition to stimulate the vitality of market economy; thirdly, they should promote the construction of key ecological and sustainable development projects; 
(2) Opening up channels for the promotion and transfer of innovative technologies in the areas of climate change, ecological safety and sustainable development, and pushing forward informatization and the application of e-government;
(3) Removing obstacles in eco-technological cooperation and communication. The importing of technologies and funds is of equal importance to developing and less developed countries. Efforts should be made in eco-technological cooperation, the protection of intellectual property right and the establishing of a sound transfer mechanism to facilitate cooperation and communication in the fields of ecological safety management system and poverty alleviation technologies;
(4) The carbon capture technique is a significant breakthrough achieved in mitigating global warming that should be vigorously promoted. The development of new energy resources such as solar power, wind power, biomass energy, geothermal energy and ocean energy should be encouraged to promote resource regeneration and recovery;
(5) Countries should step up efforts to plant trees towards the goal of planting 100 million trees worldwide in five years’ time. The tree species selected need to be adaptable to the local geographical and water conditions in order to maintain ecological balance;
(6) Establishing the "World Ecological Safety and Sustainable Development Award" within the UN framework to acknowledge the contributions made by political parties, parliaments, governments and individuals, especially women and the youth, towards the tackling of climate change, the maintaining of ecological safety and the realization of sustainable development.
Media Dissemination and Information Exchange
(1) Supporting the functions of the media in promoting ecological safety and sustainable development; effectively utilizing various media outlets to disseminate information on ecological safety and sustainable development; recognizing the important role played by the International Ecology and Safety magazine and the UN Initiative and Technology for the Youth (UNITY) magazine in promoting ecological safety and sustainable development;
(2) Pushing forward the research and development of information technologies and the application of network communication techniques in the area of ecological safety.
International Multilateral Cooperation and Exchange
(1) We support the UN Alliance of Civilizations, International Ecological Safety Collaborative Organization and China Foundation for International Studies to jointly establish the "World Civilization Forum" and the Secretariat of "World Civilization Forum" in China within the framework of the UN Alliance of Civilizations.  Through dialogues between civilizations, this forum is to facilitate multicultural communication in the world, eliminate conflicts, and help the countries under transition to realize the goal of sustainable development;
(2) Provisions in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol should be earnestly implemented. The positive results achieved by countries in climate change, ecological safety and sustainable development should be supported;
(3) IESCO has been confirmed as the organizer of the "World Ecological Safety Assembly" and the "World Ecological Safety Expo", which are held every two years in different cities of different countries;
(4) Supporting the appointment of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal as the founder of the "Ecological Safety Committee of the Mountain Nations" and the host of the "Ecological Safety Forum of 10+1 Mountain Nations" as confirmed in the 2011 Euro-Asia Eco-Safety (Xi'an) Consensus; the Kingdom of Cambodia takes the responsibility of establishing the "Ecological Safety Committee of Mekong River Basin" and hosting the "Ecological Safety Forum of 6+1 Nations in the Mekong River Basin"; the Russian Federation and Arctic nations initiate the establishment of "Ecological Safety Committee of Arctic Nations" and host "Arctic Nations' Forum on Ecological Safety ".
(5) Creating a sound order for trading and ecological safety. The developed countries should further open their markets, lower trade barriers with overly high ecological safety standards to enhance the simultaneous development of national trade and ecological safety. The developing countries and less developed countries should step up efforts in poverty alleviation and sustainable development, and participate actively in international cooperation and competition;
(6) The systematic execution of ecological safety and sustainable development projects is an important way of multilateral cooperation and communication. Countries should promote best practices in climate change, poverty alleviation, employment and the betterment of people’s livelihood so as to gather national strengths to strive for the well-being of mankind.
(7) International Ecological Safety Collaborative Organization, with the headquarters in Beijing, China, is the executive and coordinating institution of the World Ecological Civilization Declaration and Ecological Safety Action Plan

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