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Introduction
This memorandum exposes the reasoning that justifies the urgency of an initiative in favor of a new worldwide water policy, inspired by a new political water paradigm. It is to acknowledge the basic interdependence between water and life and therefore between water and environmental crisis. The United Nations Framework Convention on Climatic Change appears to be the necessary overseer of such a Protocol in light of the current situation in international relations.
This memorandum is structured in three parts.
1 Reasons that justify the creation of a new Worldwide Water Policy.
2 The recommendations of the Memorandum
3 Object, action fields, orientations and goals, forms and means of interventions of the World Water Protocol
PART A
Arguments for a World Water Protocol
The primary reason is the worldwide water crisis, which, calls for global solutions. The second reason is represented by the limits and insufficiency of the solutions given to this crisis and planned for by the international community.
1. The worldwide water crisis exists and it is serious.
2. The worldwide water crisis requires profound structural changes in the economic system and lifestyles
PART B
The recommendations of the Memorandum
1.    A new World Water Political Paradigm and World water Plan. We cannot “save the water” without political institutional engineering and promoting the global shared responsibility towards our common source of life; water.
2.    Integrating action for a World Water Plan into the United Nations Agenda. The second proposal, is regarding the inclusion of issues into the agenda of agreements that will be defined at the COP 15 in Copenhagen in December of this year in the context of the convention on climatic change (“post-Kyoto”).
3.    A World Water Protocol
The third proposal concerns the World Water Protocol that should be included in the agreements that come from the negotiations held over the years 2010-2012 before the expiry of the Kyoto treaty in 2013 and the beginning of the new treaty.
In launching the conference “Peace with Water”, one of the hopes expressed was that the United Nations strengthens their capabilities of worldwide coordination where water is concerned and become the formal open forum for global water politics.
Thus, the United Nations is the primary recipient of our proposals towards a World Water Protocol.
PART C
The World Water Protocol
Object, action fields, orientations and goals, forms and means of interventions
Introductory comments
According to the basic principles of the new water political paradigm, the protocol is aimed towards four “driving forces”:
Responsibility:
The common good: water as a common heritage of humanity and all living species - provision – usages- sustainability - security;
Citizens: participation – communities – democracy – economy/finance – management;
Peace:
At this stage of the initiative, the aim of is not to write a real protocol, article by article. The complete drafting of the World Water Protocol itself will be the task of the coming months.
2. PROPOSALS
1. PURPOSE OF THE PROTOCOL
The purpose of the Protocol is:
- Affirm common responsibility by the inhabitants of the planet, on individual and collective base, towards the respect of the integrity of the hydrological cycle and monitoring its variability.
- Promote the value, use and safeguarding of fresh water as a shared common heritage of humanity that it is essential to life and ecosystems;
- Guarantee access to water to every human as a human right implementing UN principles and the universal declaration of human rights, protecting the health and wellbeing of all human beings, on an individual and collective base;
- Value the water resources of the planet for agriculture to ensure the right to food, food security, while protecting soils, aquatic ecosystems and forests
- Develop a participative public management of safe water.
2. AREAS OF APPLICATION
The rules of the Protocol apply to all the components of the hydrological cycle, notably:
- surface fresh water;
- underground water;
- coastal and maritime waters used for the production of desalination, for fishing, aquaculture, for recreational means;
-  waste water.
3. GUIDING PRINCIPLES
a) The principle of life: water is an irreplaceable source of life and essential to human, social and economic development;
b) The principle of global responsibility: water is a common heritage of humanity
c) The principle of prevention and precaution, in virtue of which an efficient water policy passes, on the one hand, through the conservation and systematic protection of soils and the integrity of ecosystems and, on the other hand, through a permanent, effective and transparent system of impact assessment;
d) The principle of “sustainability”
e) Human rights as a gift ‘given’:
f) The principle of democracy
g) The principle of subsidiarity:
h) The principle of cooperation,
4. PRINCIPLES OF REGULATION
The parties agree to adopt the following prescriptions:
a) because water is an essential and irreplaceable element for life and a shared common heritage of humanity, and to guarantee the right to drinking water and sanitation to all and assure the life of the hydro geologic cycle and the sustainable functioning of water ecosystems, and guarantee right, equal and pacific relationships between communities and States, water is recognized as being indispensable to market;
b) to ensure that water usage priorities – starting from the priority of using it for drinking and sanitation - are democratically determined by public authorities and within the frame of an international agreement;
c) to guarantee that any investment in infrastructure and all plans to use water resources are subject to a rigorous study of ex ante impact assessment;
d) to apply the principle of banning water pollution where a degradation in aquatic ecosystems caused by production (in agriculture, industry…)
5. OBJECTIVES
Parties uphold, by priority, the following common objectives, grouped around for areas:
- water, a human right;
- water, a common heritage of humanity;
- water and citizens;
- water, source of peace;
These arrangements should not affect the rights of parties to maintain, adopt or follow even more ambitious objectives and to apply more rigorous measures than those found in the Protocol.
5.1 OBJECTIVES REGARDING WATER AS A HUMAN RIGHT
a) Declare water and sanitation as a human right in each State constitution or through a national law. Men and women are equally entitled to the right to water and sanitation.
b) Establish emergency measures to ensure the right to water for children and girls.
c) Take water into consideration as a guide during bilateral and multilateral commercial, economic and financial negotiations.
d) Guarantee, by 2023 at the latest, access for all to water and sanitation by collective systems.
e) Guarantee availability and access to public toilets to every human and to establish waste management systems by 2022 at the latest.
f) Increase rain water collection by “regional” collectors, available to several local/transnational authorities so that this will account for up to 25-30% of provisions in drinking water and sanitation.
g) Reduce by 50% in 10 years water loss in existing drinking water distribution networks in large towns.
h) Reinforce the legal dispositions and the intervention means to protect health of people against illness linked to water which are due to the use of water for recreation purposes, for aquaculture, for irrigation or sewage sludge in agriculture or aquaculture
5.2 OBJECTIVES REGARDING WATER AS A COMMON GOOD
a) Promote production processes, modes of consumption and water saving technologies in view of considerably reducing the volumes of water used (and wasted) for irrigation, fundamental objective among the others, since agriculture is the main water user in the world, much more than for any other use. In this framework, to replace modes of agricultural productions which are not adapted to local conditions of soil and ecosystems and, therefore, are strong consumers of fresh water and energy.
b) Promote agriculture and animal production for the production and consumption of local food processing by drastically reducing, the production and use of packaging of every sort, by supporting innovative socio-economic technologies in support to a “zero distance” and low level of water consumption agriculture; this will also contribute to a reduction in waste and energy use.
c) In addition to the measures aiming to reduce consumption/water loss in agricultural
production, promote major changes in food practices in developed countries that are at the root of exorbitant losses in water, up to half of the water used to grow food.
d) To impose binding rules at an international level, the reduction/saving of the domestic use of water, in energy production and the so-called recreational activities whose excessive and wasteful practices are an affront to human life and nature. Greed and the "pleasure" of some does not justify the devastation of World Water Heritage.
e) Strengthen the ability to conserve water.
f) Evolve towards a clear separation between rainwater and black and grey water.
g) Establish, notably in slums, wastewater networks to achieve, in 15 years, a basic level of wastewater treatment. In wealthier and more dispersed zones, impose rules for building permission to ensure that a lagoon system for wastewater treatment is in place before being dispersing into nature.
h) Replace the use of drinkable water in toilets – a more and more damaging factor for the quality of surface and underground water due to increasing microbial contamination from wastewaters. With this in mind, introduce the obligation for any new construction in urban areas to gradually replace water toilets by dry toilets.
i) Reduce the production of waste treatment mud by upstream interventions. Eliminate or promote the re-use of water treatment mud according to the norms defined by WHO and UNEP.
j) Establish according to proposals made by the new policy, prescriptions with regard to dam construction, UN Independent World Commission on Dams.
k) Introduce the obligation for re-usable recipients for natural mineral and spring water and to limit to a maximum of 10% the export of bottled mineral water over a distance that would cost more to transport than the cost of bottling the water itself.
l) Better ensure the upholding of existing regulations with respect to: mining and quarries, the opening of waste disposal areas for highly toxic materials, de-contaminated grounds that either have, or could have detrimental effects on water, which risk being the cause of serious illness.
m) Put in place adaptive and mitigation measures towards climatic change that have been detailed and proposed by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climatic Change (IPCC). In this regard, to promote a strong scientific and technological mobilization for a new generation of R&D programmes which reflect the changing paradigm from the shift to an innovation policy focused on providing competitive and increasing financial returns per drop of water used to an innovation policy based on the valuation of a world heritage to protect human rights (water, health, nutrition, participation, safety, peace) and respect for ecosystems.
5.3 OBJECTIVES REGARDING CITIZENS AND DEMOCRACY
a) Recognize water as an unalienable common right under the responsibility of citizens through direct or representative courses, from local community level to the level of the international community.
b) With this in mind, create the institutions and ensure the means, notably financial to:
- promote the most pertinent and rigorous information and make it available regarding water resources, the uses, the wastage, the losses, the management of water services, the cost of water, the investments and financing, the available technology;
- support all educative activities and programs in the field of water, in and outside formal education systems through participative modules (seminars, open universities, awareness campaigns, local project promotion, partnerships with other communities, regions and countries…).
c) Introduce, in higher level secondary schools the question of common goods and, in this frame, in particular water as common good as a distinct education subject;
d) Place particular emphasis on the participation, especially those groups of citizens that are under privileged, notably, women, young people and workers/peasants;
e) Use information technology and communication media to promote the creation of the“platforms” of debate, proposals and decisions by main categories of profession (networks between local collectivities, between Mayors, between farmers, teachers…);
f) Reinforce the role of public water enterprises, bettering their productive capability, innovation and service quality, through financial measures and fiscal incentive , even in view of new employment, especially for young people;
g) Multiply cooperation and partnership networks between public water operators at the single basin level, and at the level of transnational basins, promoting effective participation of water workers and their trade unions;
h) Promote efficient and transparent financial management by limiting financial recourse to private capital market and strengthen “local” public financing and the intervention of new social, cooperative financial operators;
i) Include all water users in participative processes so that they have a voice in the management of water and share their experience and know-how with other protagonists.
5.4 OBJECTIVES REGARDING PEACE
a) Define mutual priorities in water policy according to plans and programs set down by law through participative, democratic decisions;
b) Establish political institutions empowered with sufficient autonomy to express mutual choices, promoting shared interests and ensuring the respect of decisions taken;
c) Set up useful indicators for the measurement of objectives in regards to:
- sharing water;
- access to water and health;
- safe guarding water and aquatic ecosystems;
- prevention and resolution of conflicts;
d) Set up adequate information and communication systems between parties supporting common decisional process;
e) Promote the development of a cooperative and peaceful culture in relation to water in academic circles (supporting the creation, all over the world, of “University Water Chairs”, international schools of water…) in media circles and among political leaders
(Parliamentarians, Mayors…)
f) Support international twinning cooperation between towns and local collectivities northsouth, south-south and north-north, directly involving local communities around long term projects in the context of permanent cooperation between public institutions and publicprivate partnerships by non-state and non-governmental players;
g) Extend the forms of solidarity cooperation founded on the allocation of one centime per m³ of drinking water billed or per bottle of mineral water under the authority and control of independent institutions of the countries concerned.
The World Water Authority would have a triple functionality
- normative (establish and decide the framework towards an international and global plan for public water policies in line with defined objectives under the current Protocol);
- legal and punitive (arbitrary authority for resolving differences between parties by applying the arrangements of the Protocol…) according to the World Trade Organizations model for resolving conflicts;
- Informative/monitoring, alert (organisms of valorisation of knowledge available all over the world).

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